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Typewriting Basics: Bottom-Row Keys
 
 
Typewriting Basics: Bottom-Row Keys
 
 

 

 

Helpful hints:

 

·         Memorize the keys in the bottom row, along with which finger hits which key(s).
 
·         Remember, your fingers are still resting on the home row - they will just reach back to hit the bottom row keys.
 
·         After hitting a key in the bottom row, always bring your finger back to its home-row key.
 
·         To hit each key, keep your hands in place on the keyboard - only slightly stretching the striking finger backwards.
 
·         Be sure to keep your striking finger slightly curved as you reach back.
 
·         Practice as much as you can.
 
 

Striking finger for each key:
 

LEFT HAND:


Z……Fourth finger (pinkie)

X……Third finger

C……Second finger

V……Forefinger

B………Forefinger

 

RIGHT HAND:

N………Forefinger

M………Forefinger
 
,<………Second finger
 
.>………Third finger

?/………Fourth finger (pinkie)

 

 

 

It's important that you try to memorize the keys in the bottom row, and which finger hits each key(s), before beginning because your fingers will be covering them.  Lifting your hands up to look will significantly slow down the learning process.

 

 

Practicing bottom-row keys:
 
Important note: After hitting each group of keys, move your finger back to its home key before striking the keys again.
 


Practice Exercise 1:
 
 

 

1.        zzz   ///   zzz   ///   zz   //   z   /

2.        ///   zzz   ///   zzz   //   zz   /   z

3.        zz/   zz/   zz/   zz/   z/   z/   z/
 
4.        //z   //z   //z   //z   /z   /z   /z

 
Use the Text Area below to practice the above " z " and " / " characters outlined in steps 1-4.

Practice this 5 times. When you finish it, click the Start Over button and try again.

 


 

 

ADDING IN HOME KEYS:            
 
 
5.         z/sz   z/sz   szs   s/zs   zzs/   zzs   ssz   ss/z

6.
         p;p/   p;p   ;p;   ;p;/   pp;   pp;   ;;p   ;;p/

7.
         zps;/    zp/s;    pz;s/    pz;s   szp   sz/p   ;pz   ;pz/

8.
         s;zp/   s;zp   ;spz   ;sp/z   spz;   s/pz;   ;zps/   ;zps

 

 
Use the Text Area below to practice the above " z " and " / " characters outlined in steps 5-8.

Practice this 5 times. When you finish it, click the Start Over button and try again.

 


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Practice Exercise 2:
 
 

 

 

9.         xxx   …   xxx   …   xx   ..   x   .

10.       …   xxx   …   xxx   ..   xx   .   x

11.       xx.   xx.   xx.   xx.   x.   x.   x.

12.       ..x   ..x   ..x   ..x   .x   .x   .x


 
Use the Text Area below to practice the above " x " and " . " characters with the home keys outlined in steps 9-12.

Practice this 5 times. When you finish it, click the Start Over button and try again.

 





ADDING IN HOME KEYS:            
 

13.
      xdx   xdx   dxd   dxd   xxd   xxd   ddx   ddx

 

14.       .l.   .l.   l.l   l.l   ..l   ..l   ll.   ll.

                                               

15.       x.dl    x.dl    .xld    .xld   dx.   dx.   l.x   l.x

                                                           

16.       dlx.   dlx.   ld.x   ld.x   d.xl   d.xl   lx.d   lx.d

 

 

Use the Text Area below to practice the above " x " and " . " characters outlined in steps 13-16.

Practice this 5 times. When you finish it, click the Start Over button and try again.

 

 


Practice Exercise 3:

 

 

 

17.         ccc   ,,,   ccc   ,,,   cc   ,,   c   ,

18.       ,,,   ccc   ,,,   ccc   ,,   cc   ,   c

19.       cc,   cc,   cc,   cc,   c,   c,   c,

20.       ,,c   ,,c   ,,c   ,,c   ,c   ,c   ,c

 

 

Use the Text Area below to practice the above " c " and " , " characters outlined in steps 17-20.

Practice this 5 times. When you finish it, click the Start Over button and try again.

 



ADDING IN HOME KEYS:            
 
21.       cfc   cfc   fcf   fcd   ccf   ccf   ffc   ffc

22.
       ,k,   ,k,   k,k   k,k   ,,k   ,,k   kk,,   kk,

23.
       c,fk    c,fk    ,ckf    ,ckf   fc,   fc,   k,c   k,c

24.
       fkc,   fkc,   kf,c   kf,c   f,ck   f,ck   kc,f   kc,f

 

Use the Text Area below to practice the above " c " and " , " characters with the home keys outlined in steps 21-24.

Practice this 5 times. When you finish it, click the Start Over button and try again.

 




Practice Exercise 4:
 
 

25.         vvv   mmm   vvv   mmm   vv   mm   v   m

26.       mmm   vvv   mmm   vvv   mm   vv   m   v

27.       vvm   vvm   vvm   vvm   vm   vm   vm

28.       mmv   mmv   mmv   mmv   mv   mv   mv

 


Use the Text Area below to practice the above " v " " m " characters outlined in steps 25-28.

Practice this 5 times. When you finish it, click the Start Over button and try again.

 




ADDING IN HOME KEYS:
             
 
29.    vfv   vfv   fvf   fvf &n, bsp; vvf   vvf,    ffv   ffv

30.
     mjm   mjm   jmj   jmj   mmj   mmj   jjmm   jjm

31.
      vmfj    vmfj    mvjf    mvjf   fvm   fvm   jmv   jmv

32.
       fjvm   fjvm   jfmv   jfmv   fmvj   fmvj   jvmf   jvmf
 
 
 
Use the Text Area below to practice the above " v " " m " characters with the home keys outlined in steps 29-32.

Practice this 5 times. When you finish it, click the Start Over button and try again.

 

 


Practice Exercise 5:
 
 
 

 

 

 
33.        bbb   nnn   bbb   nnn   bb   nn   b   n

34.      nnn   bbb   nnn   bbb   nn  bb   n   b

35.      bbn   bbn   bbn   bbn   bn   bn   bn

36.      nnb   nnb   nnb   nnb   nb   nb   nb

 

 

Use the Text Area below to practice the above " b " " n " characters outlined in steps 33-36.

Practice this 5 times. When you finish it, click the Start Over button and try again

 
 



ADDING IN HOME KEYS: 

37.
      bfb   bfb   fbf   fbf   bbf   bbf   ffb   ffb

38.
       njn   njn   jnj   jnj   nnj   nnj   jjnn   jjn

39.
       bnfj    bnfj    nbjf    nbjf   fbn   fbn   jnb   jnb

40.
       fjbn   fjbn   jfnb   jfnb   fnbj   fnbj   jbnf   jbnf