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Online Class: Biology 101

Biological and Physical Sciences Picture
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Course Description

Biology, the science of life, concentrates on the structure, function, distribution, adaptation, interactions, origins and evolution of living organisms, a grouping which encapsulates both plants and animals. Biology 101 will encompass the principles of biology that include the structure and function of the cell to the complexities of current Ecological issues. Topics will include: Methods of Biological Studies, Chemistry Fundamentals, Cell Biology, The Study of Genetics (Heredity and Molecular), Origin and Principles of Evolution, the Dynamics of Populations,  Ecosystem Structures and other Ecology Topics.    

This course is an excellent learning resource for the college or pre-college student. This logical and easy to understand class is divided into self-paced lessons, complimented with well-written text, diagrams, critical-thinking assignments and end of lesson review exams. This course is a wonderful, stand-alone resource covering all concepts in biology, and can also be used as a comprehensive review or a personalized tutor.

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  • 6 Months to Complete
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  • Accredited CEUs
Universal Class is an IACET Accredited Provider

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Course Lessons

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Lesson 1: Introduction to the Study of Biology

Biology, the study of life in all its manifestations, initially focused mainly upon disease and its treatment. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 1 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: The Biology Project; The History of Biology
  • Review 2 Videos: Evolution and Natural Selection; Introduction to Evolution and Natural Selection video
  • Complete: Introduction to the Study of Biology Assignment
  • Complete: Introduction to the Study of Biology Exam

Lesson 2: Scientific Method

All through history, individuals have employed methodologies of science in their attempts to discover new facts about nature. It is generally accepted that science is based upon a productive kind of methodology called the scientific method. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 2 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: The Steps of the Scientific Method; Intelligent Design and Evolution
  • Complete: Scientific Method Assignment
  • Complete: The Scientific Method Exam

Lesson 3: Characteristics of Living Things

Life cannot be defined in such terms as weight, volume, or wavelength, nor can it be said that life is a liquid, solid, or gas. No doubt this baffling nature of life contributes in large measure to the fascination biology holds for many individuals. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 3 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: Cells; Characteristics of Living Organisms
  • Review Video: Evolution Clarification
  • Complete: Characteristics of Living Things Assignment
  • Complete: Characteristics of Living Things Exam

Lesson 4: The Role of Chemistry in Biology

One of the longest standing debates in biology is the question of whether proteins or nucleic acids came first in the evolution of the first forms of life. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 4 Video
  • Review Article: The Chemistry of Biology
  • Complete: The Role of Chemistry in Biology Assignment
  • Complete: The Role of Chemistry in Biology Exam

Lesson 5: Chemistry Basics

To start from the very beginning, the entire universe is made up of what are referred to as atoms. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 5 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: Atomic Structure; Hydrogen Bonds
  • Complete: Chemistry Basics Assignment
  • Complete: Chemistry Basics Exam

Lesson 6: Biochemistry and other Bio-Sciences

Biochemists focus solely on the chemical attributes of biology in trying to explain various biological phenomena, whereas biologists study biological systems more broadly. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 6 Video
  • Review Article: Biophysics
  • Complete: Biochemistry and other Bio-Sciences Assignment
  • Complete: Biochemistry and other Bio-Sciences Exam

Lesson 7: Comparison of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell Structures

The term prokaryote ("before nucleus") currently is used in reference to bacteria and a group of simple photosynthetic cells called blue-green algae. Cells of all other organisms contain nuclei and are termed eukaryotes ("true nucleus"). 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 7 Video
  • Review 6 Articles: Intro to Cellular Respiration; Oxidation and Reduction in Cellular Respiration; Glycolysis; Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells; Cell Structures and Functions; Intro to Cellular Respiration video
  • Complete: Comparison of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell Structures Assignment
  • Complete: Comparison of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell Structures Exam

Lesson 8: Energy Conversion in Eukaryotic Cells

Whether potential energy is made available for work by a reaction, or work is done to transform some other kind of energy into potential energy, some energy is always lost in the process. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 8 Video
  • Review 12 Articles: Electron Transport Chain; Photosynthesis; C-4; Diffusion and Osmosis; Anatomy of a Muscle Cell; Laws of Thermodynamics; Oxidation and Reduction in Cellular Respiration video; Glycolysis video; Electron Transport Chain video; Photosynthesis video; C-4 video; Diffusion and Osmosis video
  • Complete: Thermodynamics Assignment
  • Complete: Energy Conversion in Eykaryotic Cells Exam

Lesson 9: Mendel's Laws and Modern Genetic Terminology

The observations of Gregor Mendel on heredity in the edible garden pea represent the first disciplined, analytical inquiry into the mechanism of inheritance. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 9 Video
  • Review 3 Articles: Mendel's Laws; Mendel's Law of Segregation; Genetics
  • Review Video: Punnett square video
  • Complete: Mendel's Laws and Modern Genetic Terminology Assignment
  • Complete: Mendel's Laws and Modern Genetic Terminology Exam

Lesson 10: Patterns of Inheritance

Mendel was the first to present evidence for the existence of genes as particulate or material entities. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 10 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: Patterns of Inheritance; Incomplete and Codominance
  • Review 4 Videos: Heredity; Heredity Factors; Sex-Linked Traits; Introduction to Heredity video
  • Complete: Patterns of Inheritance Assignment
  • Complete: Patterns of Inheritance Exam

Lesson 11: Molecular Genetics

It was in 1884 that Eduard Strasburger, Oscar Hertwig, and Walter Flemming first developed the idea that genetic material was carried in what are called chromosomes. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 11 Video
  • Review Article: DNA structure
  • Complete: Molecular Genetics Assignment
  • Complete: Molecular Genetics Exam

Lesson 12: How DNA and RNA Work

Transcription is the process by which RNA is created. As it has been previously stated, while DNA can self-replicate, RNA cannot. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 12 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: DNA and RNA; DNA vs. RNA
  • Complete: How DNA and RNA Work Assignment
  • Complete: How DNA and RNA Work Exam

Lesson 13: Why Genes Matter to You

Your genetic sequence is entirely unique. There is no one else in the world, nor has there been anyone in the history of the world, with the exact genetic sequence you have in your DNA. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 13 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: What is Genetic Engineering?; Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetic Engineering
  • Complete: Why Genes Matter to You Assignment
  • Complete: Why Genes Matter to You Exam

Lesson 14: Introduction to the Study of the Origins of Life

There are many different theories about the origin of life, ranging from life originating from spontaneous generation to life beginning in deep sea thermal vents or bacterial life arising from different parts of the universe. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 14 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: Revealing the Origins of Life; How Did Life Begin?
  • Complete: The Origins of Life Assignment
  • Complete: Origins of Life Exam

Lesson 15: Fundamentals of Life Origins

The theory of spontaneous generation proposes that life originated from inanimate matter other than seeds, eggs or parents. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 15 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: Spontaneous Generation; How RNA Got Started
  • Complete: Fundamentals of Life Origins Assignment
  • Complete: Fundamentals Exam

Lesson 16: Other Considerations in the Search of Life

Scientists always look for water when they search for life on Earth and in space. 110 Total Points
  • Lesson 16 Video
  • Review Article: Life on the Ocean Floor
  • Complete: Other Origins of Life Theories Assignment
  • Complete: Other Considerations Exam
  • Complete: MidTerm Exam

Lesson 17: The Development of an Evolutionary Principle: A Selective Overview of the History

Aristotle first developed his natural philosophy, the precursor to science. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 17 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: Evolution and the Ancient Greeks; Lamarck vs. Darwin
  • Complete: The Development of an Evolutionary Principle Assignment
  • Complete: The Development of an Evolutionary Principle Exam

Lesson 18: How Evolution Works

Darwin's concept of natural selection provided the framework for how evolution did not occur randomly. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 18 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: Darwin and Natural Selection; Evolution and Natural Selection
  • Complete: How Evolution Works Assignment
  • Complete: How Evolution Works Exam

Lesson 19: Speciation

When evolutionary changes become so substantial that, by comparative anatomy, two groups of one species become too distinct to be placed in the same category, this results in speciation. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 19 Video
  • Review Article: The Process of Speciation
  • Complete: Speciation Assignment
  • Complete: Speciation Exam

Lesson 20: Accompanying Evolutionary Concepts

When a particular trait within an organism proves beneficial in the face of the pressures of natural selection, this is called adaptation. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 20 Video
  • Review 3 Articles: Coevolution and Pollination; Mendel's Genetics; Misconceptions about Evolution
  • Complete: Evolutionary Concepts Assignment
  • Complete: Accompanying Evolutionary Concepts Exam

Lesson 21: Modern Evidence for Evolution and Common Ancestry

Gregor Mendel and the rise of the science of genetics was perhaps the greatest boost to evolutionary theorists, as the study of genetics provided an explanation of how evolution actually worked. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 21 Video
  • Complete: Modern Evolutionary Evidence Assignment
  • Complete: Modern Evidence for Evolution and Common Ancestry Exam

Lesson 22: Why We're Here Today

Human beings evolved, just like every other organism on the planet, from ancestor organisms. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 22 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: Becoming Human; Introduction to Human Evolution
  • Complete: Process of Evolution Assignment
  • Complete: Why We're Here Today Exam

Lesson 23: Dynamics of Population

When we talk about studying the dynamics of population, we're talking about quantifying the way population changes, both in the long and in the short term. 20 Total Points
  • Lesson 23 Video
  • Complete: Dynamics of Population Assignment

Lesson 24: Human Population Dynamics

Because humans are far more unpredictable, it's more difficult to predict human population growth and decline than it is to predict animal or plant population growth or decline. 20 Total Points
  • Lesson 24 Video
  • Complete Assignment: Human Population Dynamics

Lesson 25: Ecosystem Structure

Studying the relationship between organisms and their abiotic environment helps us understand different kinds of adaptational processes. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 25 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: Ecology; Ecosystems
  • Complete: Ecosystem Structure Assignment
  • Complete: Ecosystem Structure Exam

Lesson 26: The Flow of Energy in Ecosystems

When describing good webs, we must make some boundary to the system of interest, otherwise the entire planet will be united in a single web. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 26 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: Climate Ecology; Food Web
  • Complete: The Flow of Energy in Ecosystems Assignment
  • Complete: The Flow of Energy in Ecosystems Exam

Lesson 27: Major Ecosystems

This lesson explores the major ecosystems; marine, aquatic, estuarine, and terrestrial. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 27 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: ESA; The Tundra
  • Complete: Ecosystems Assignment
  • Complete: Major Ecosystems Exam

Lesson 28: Biochemical Cycles

As energy flows through a food web, it is involved in chemical reactions at each trophic level, whereby atoms are combined, separated, and recombined. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 28 Video
  • Review 3 Articles: Biogeochemical Cycles; The Nitrogen Cycle; The Phosphorus Cycle
  • Complete: Biochemical Cycles Assignment
  • Complete: Biochemical Cycles Exam

Lesson 29: Succession

If left alone, the fresh scar of bare earth left by a landslip will gather a mantle of green as grasses and herbs sprout. 35 Total Points
  • Lesson 29 Video
  • Review 2 Articles: Primary Succession; Secondary Succession
  • Complete: Succession Assignment
  • Complete: Succession Exam

Lesson 30: Other Topics in Ecology

Mankind has introduced harmful elements into our ecological environment. 94 Total Points
  • Lesson 30 Video
  • Review 3 Articles: Ecological Society of America; Biomagnification; Ozone Depletion
  • Take Poll: Final Course Poll - Your Opinion
  • Take Survey: Program Evaluation Follow-up Survey (End of Course)
  • Complete: Other Topics in Ecology Assignment
  • Complete: Other Topics in Ecology Exam
  • Complete: Final Exam
Total Course Points

Additional Course Information

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Course Title: Biology 101
Course Number: 7550569
Languages: English - United States, Canada and other English speaking countries
Course Type: General Education
CEU Value: 3.5 IACET CEUs (Continuing Education Units)
CE Accreditation: Universal Class, Inc. has been accredited as an Authorized Provider by the International Association for Continuing Education and Training (IACET).
Grading Policy: Earn a final grade of 70% or higher to receive an online/downloadable CEU Certification documenting CEUs earned.
Assessment Method: Lesson assignments and review exams
Instructor: April Graves
Syllabus: View Syllabus
Course Review: Read Editorial Review
Course Fee: $70.00 (no CEU Certification) || with CEU Certification: $95.00

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Learning Outcomes

By successfully completing this course, students will be able to:
  • Describe the study of biology.
  • Define scientific method.
  • Define characteristics of living things.
  • Define the role of chemistry in biology.
  • Describe chemistry basics.
  • Know biochemistry and other bio-sciences.
  • Recognize the comparison of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structures.
  • Describe energy conversion in eukaryotic cells.
  • Define Mendel's Laws and modern genetic terminology.
  • Describe patterns of inheritance.
  • Describe molecular genetics how DNA and RNA work.
  • Determine why genes matter to you.
  • Know study of the origins of life.
  • Describe other considerations in the search of life.
  • Know the development of an evolutionary principle.
  • Describe how evolution works.
  • Define speciation.
  • Describe dynamics of population.
  • Identify human population dynamics.
  • Describe ecosystem structure.
  • Define major ecosystems.
  • Know biochemical cycles and succession, and
  • Demonstrate mastery of lesson content at levels of 70% or higher.

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