Course Syllabus


Course Description

Philosophy, often shrouded in mystery and misconception, stands as a cornerstone in the pursuit of understanding the complexities of human existence. Far from being a mere academic exercise, philosophy permeates every aspect of our lives, shaping our understanding of existence, the nature of reality, the possibilities of knowledge, and the foundations of ethical behavior.

At its core, philosophy seeks to unravel the intricacies of existence. It asks profound questions: What does it mean to exist? What is the nature of reality? How do we come to know what we know? These questions have been pondered by thinkers from the ancient times to the present, reflecting humanity's enduring quest for understanding.

One of the central themes in philosophy is the exploration of reality itself. This includes metaphysical inquiries about the nature of the universe, the relationship between mind and matter, and the fundamental structure of reality. Philosophers have long debated whether our understanding of reality is shaped by our perceptions or if there exists an objective reality independent of our experience.

Another significant aspect of philosophy is epistemology, the study of knowledge. Here, philosophers investigate the nature and scope of knowledge, asking how we acquire it, and what it means to know something. The evolution of epistemology has seen a range of theories, from empiricism, which emphasizes the role of experience in knowledge acquisition, to rationalism, which posits that reason is the primary source of knowledge.

The philosophy of mind, a relatively recent field, delves into the nature of consciousness and the relationship between the mind and the body. This area of study is particularly relevant in today's world, where advances in neuroscience and artificial intelligence continually challenge our understanding of consciousness and self-awareness.

Ethics, a critical branch of philosophy, deals with questions of morality and human behavior. It seeks to define what is right and wrong and explores the principles that should guide our actions. Philosophers have proposed various ethical theories, such as utilitarianism, which advocates for actions that maximize overall happiness, and deontology, which focuses on the morality of actions themselves rather than their consequences.

In addition to these areas, philosophy also encompasses logic, the rigorous analysis of argumentation and reasoning. Logic serves as the foundation for rational discourse and critical thinking, essential skills in any field of study or profession.

Philosophy's influence extends to social and political thought as well. Social and political philosophy examines the nature of justice, the rights of individuals versus the needs of the community, and the principles underlying political institutions. This field has become increasingly relevant in our globalized world, where diverse cultures and political systems interact and sometimes clash.

One of the most intriguing aspects of philosophy is its engagement with unsolved problems and paradoxes. These intellectual puzzles challenge our understanding and push the boundaries of philosophical thought. They serve not only as points of academic interest but also as catalysts for deeper reflection and inquiry.

Throughout history, great philosophers have shaped the way we think about these fundamental questions. From the ancient Greeks like Plato and Aristotle, who laid the foundations of Western philosophy, to modern thinkers who have challenged and expanded these ideas, the legacy of these philosophers is immeasurable. Their contributions have not only advanced philosophical thought but have also had profound implications in other fields such as science, politics, and the arts.

In recent times, the study of philosophy has been enriched by the integration of diverse perspectives. Philosophers from different cultures and backgrounds bring new insights and challenge traditional Western paradigms. This inclusivity has led to a more comprehensive and nuanced understanding of philosophical issues.

The relevance of philosophy in the modern world cannot be overstated. In an era of rapid technological advancement and complex societal challenges, philosophical inquiry helps us navigate ethical dilemmas, question assumptions, and develop critical thinking skills. Whether in the realm of artificial intelligence, bioethics, or social justice, philosophical perspectives provide essential guidance and clarity.

In conclusion, philosophy, far from being an abstract or irrelevant discipline, is deeply integrated into the fabric of our lives. It empowers us to examine the fundamental questions of existence, ethics, knowledge, and reality. By engaging with philosophical thought, we not only enrich our understanding of the world but also develop the critical thinking and analytical skills essential for responsible citizenship and personal growth. Philosophy, therefore, is not just an academic pursuit, but a vital tool for navigating the complexities of our ever-changing world.

  • Completely Online
  • Self-Paced
  • Printable Lessons
  • Full HD Video  
  • 6 Months to Complete
  • 24/7 Availability
  • Start Anytime
  • PC & Mac Compatible
  • Android & iOS Friendly
  • Accredited CEUs
Universal Class is an IACET Accredited Provider

Learning Outcomes

By successfully completing this course, students will be able to:
  • Define what philosophy is.
  • Describe the philosophical lexicon.
  • Summarize metaphysics.
  • Summarize epistemology.
  • Describe philosophy of mind.
  • Describe philosophy of religion.
  • Summarize ethics in relation to philosophy.
  • Describe logic and how it is used in philosophy.
  • Summarize social and political philosophy.
  • Identify unsolved problems and paradoxes in philosophy.
  • Summarize the works of the great philosophers.
  • Demonstrate mastery of lesson content at levels of 70% or higher.

Assessment Guide

Assessment Points
Lesson 1 Assignment 25 points
An Introduction 5 points
Lesson 1: What Is Philosophy? 9 points
Lesson 2 Assignment 25 points
Lesson 2: Coming to Terms: A Philosophical Lexicon, Part I 9 points
Lesson 3 Assignment 25 points
Lesson 3: A Manner of Speaking: A Philosophical Lexicon, Part II 9 points
Lesson 4 Assignment 25 points
Lesson 4: Metaphysics 9 points
Lesson 5 Assignment 25 points
Lesson 5: Epistemology 7 points
Lesson 6 Assignment 25 points
Lesson 6: Philosophy of Mind 9 points
Lesson 7 Assignment 25 points
Lesson 7: Philosophy of Religion 9 points
Lesson 8 Assignment 25 points
Lesson 8: Ethics, Part I 6 points
Lesson 9 Assignment 25 points
Lesson 9: Ethics, Part II 10 points
Lesson 10 Assignment 25 points
Lesson 10: Logic 10 points
Lesson 11 Assignment 25 points
Lesson 11: Social & Political Philosophy 9 points
Lesson 12 Assignment 25 points
Lesson 12: Unsolved Problems & Paradoxes in Philosophy 9 points
Lesson 13 Assignment 25 points
Lesson 13: An Overview of the Great Philosophers 9 points
The Final Exam 51 points
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